Jewelry is produced by one of two methods or a
combination of the two.
The first process is called the lost wax process.
The lost wax process begins with making a three-dimensional model
out of wax. This is then placed into a flask and investment (similar
to wet plaster) is poured over it. Once hardened the flask is then
placed in an oven and the wax melted out to create a hollow replica
of the model within the now dried investment. After the wax has
completely melted away molten metal (gold, platinum, etc.) is poured
into the mold. Once the metal has cooled the flask is dipped in
water where the investment dissolves away leaving the raw casting.
The piece is then cleaned and assembled, gemstones are set then
the completed piece is polished and texture or engraving is added.
The second process is called jewelry fabrication.
In this process the jewelry is constructed directly from raw gold
or platinum components in the form of wire, flat metal sheets or
a variety of pre-made jewelry components. Once fabricated stones
are set and piece is polished as in the lost wax process.